Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Highland Ridge Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, visitation is no longer allowed at Highland Ridge Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Alternate methods of communication, including telehealth, are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • Screening protocols have been enhanced.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Signs, Effects & Symptoms of Disruptive Behavior

Understanding the Signs of Disruptive Behavior Disorder

Understanding the signs of disruptive behavior disorder

Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) are a group of behavioral problems that are defined as disruptive because affected children cause disruptions with the people and activities around them. These disruptive behavior disorders include patterns of ongoing uncooperative, defiant, and hostile behaviors toward authority figures, which seriously impacts a child’s daily functioning. Additionally, the whole family suffers as they experience their child’s disruptive behaviors on a daily basis. As a parent of a child with DBD, you may feel helpless as to how to control your child’s behavior, how to appropriately respond, and how to restore peace to the household. The most common types of disruptive behavior disorders include oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder. The main difference between these two disorders is the severity of the symptoms, as conduct disorder is considered as the more serious of the two.

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is defined by a recurrent pattern of negative, defiant, hostile, and disobedient behaviors towards parents and other authority figures that has lasted for six months or longer. Children with ODD often lose their temper, arguing constantly with adults over rules or requests. They may also become easily annoyed by other people and have a tendency to blame others for their mistakes or misbehavior. While all children are capable of displaying these behaviors at some point, children who have ODD display these behaviors more often than others their age. These behaviors severely impact the social, occupational, or academic functioning of the child.

Conduct disorder (CD), often referred to as “delinquency”, is the more serious of the disruptive behavior disorders because it involves a higher level of cruelty. Children and teens who have CD may show aggression toward other people and animals, willfully destroying property, stealing, and lying. It’s thought that disruptive behavior disorders exist along a spectrum and oppositional defiant disorder may progress into CD.

Children who are thought to have ODD or CD can learn more positive behaviors and how to appropriately react to life situations with proper treatment and care. The sooner therapy is begun, the brighter the outlook.

Statistics

Statistics for disruptive behavior disorder

The most common types of disruptive behavior disorder are oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder, both of which are common childhood disorders. It’s estimated that ODD occurs in between 2% and 16% of the youth, depending upon the population. Conduct disorder is more common in younger boys, ranging from 6% to 9% of the male child population in the United States.

Causes & Risk Factors

Causes & risk factors for disruptive behavior disorder

The causes for disruptive behavior disorders are thought to be a mixture of different factors working together. Some of the common risk factors include:

Physical: Children who were born of low birth weight or those who have suffered neurological damage are at a greater risk for developing disruptive behavior disorders. Children who have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at a higher risk for developing disruptive behavior disorders.

Environmental: Children who were rejected by their mothers as infants, separated from their parents, or obtained poor foster care are at an increased risk for DBDs. Additionally, children who were physically, emotionally, or sexually abused or neglected are at higher risk for developing these disorders later in childhood. Children who lived in poverty or witnessed domestic violence or substance abuse are also at a greater risk for developing the disorder.

Risk Factors:

  • Learning disabilities
  • Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke
  • Maternal stress and anxiety

Protective Factors:

  • Ability to express feelings
  • Positive relationship with grandparents

Symptoms

Symptoms of disruptive behavior disorder

The symptoms of disruptive behavior disorders will vary depending on the type of disruptive behavioral disorder the child has – oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder. Symptoms will also depend upon each child’s individual temperament, social skills, and coping mechanisms. The most common symptoms of disruptive behavior disorders include:

Behavioral Symptoms:

  • Antisocial behaviors
  • Revenge-seeking behaviors
  • Lying
  • Stealing
  • Conniving
  • Aggressive and cruel toward people and animals
  • Deliberately intimidates other people
  • Makes thoughtful attempts to annoy others
  • Bullying
  • Willful destruction of property
  • Sociopathic tendencies that cause serious harm to others
  • Often loses temper with others
  • Constantly argues with adults
  • Actively defies or refuses to comply with requests or rules
  • Blames others for his or her mistakes
  • Deliberately annoys other people

Psychosocial Symptoms:

  • Anger
  • Being spiteful and vindictive
  • Resentfulness
  • Frightens and alienates friends and family
  • Intensely rigid and touchy
  • Lack of remorse
  • Easily annoyed
  • Loneliness
  • Feelings as though they have nothing to lose

Effects

Effects disruptive behavior disorder can have

Without properly addressing the disruptive behavior problems and getting effective treatment, children and teens who have conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder will eventually begin to face long-term consequences. The effects of untreated and undiagnosed disruptive behavioral disorders can include:

  • Legal problems
  • Incarceration
  • Substance abuse and addiction
  • Lack of employment
  • Homelessness
  • Poverty
  • Domestic abuse
  • Child abuse
  • Development of antisocial personality disorder
  • Social isolation
  • Troubled family relationships

Co-Occurring Disorders

Disruptive behavior disorder & co-occurring disorders

Individuals with a disruptive behavior disorder may also be diagnosed with another type of behavioral health disorder. The most common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Conduct disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depressive disorder
  • Substance abuse

Highland not only helped my child but also helped me. They helped me deal with my guilt, and that is very freeing.

– Sarah M.